Ruby Nell Bridges Hall was born on September 8th, 1954 in Tylertown, Mississippi.
Her parents were Abon and Lucille Bridges and she had three brothers and a sister. All of them lived in Louisiana.
Who was she ?
Ruby Bridges was the first black child to have gone to a school for white people.
In 1960, her parents took part in a request from the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People). She was in, even if she was 6.
The request was this one : a black child should go to a school for white people as if it was normal, because it is.
6 children were chosen for this mission but she’s the only one who went to a school in the South.
Her mother thought that that was a good idea for her and for all the black kids, but her father was hesitant. Finally, her mother convinced him and Ruby was sent to that school.
When she was in, a lot of parents took out their kids from the school. Some people demonstrated against her and teachers refused to have her in their class.
There is just a woman, Barbara Henry, who accepted to teach her and a special class (with just Ruby Bridges in) was open.
Some people tried to be violent with her, so the president (Eisenhower) mobilized the US Marshalls to keep her safe.
She still lives in Louisiana with her husband, Malcolm Hall and their four sons.
She’s Chair of the Ruby Bridges Foundation, which she formed in 1999 because she wanted to promote the values of respect and tolerance of all differences.
She was active between 1960 and 2005.
On January 8, 2001, Ruby Bridges was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal by President Bill Clinton.
In October 2006, an elementary school was dedicated to her.
In November 2006, she was honored in the Anti-Defamation League’s Concert Against Hate.
In 2007, the Children’s Museum of Indianapolis unveiled an exhibit documenting about Bridges life.
On May 19, 2012, Ruby Bridges received an Honorary Degree from Tulane University.
Last year (2012) she met President Barack Obama, the first black president.